Backing Up & Restoring Odoo with Docker: A Comprehensive Guide

Backing Up and Restoring Odoo with Docker

In the ever-evolving world of software, the importance of backup and restoration can never be overstated. While working with Dockerized Odoo instances, I recently found myself in a maze trying to understand how Docker volumes work, and more specifically, how to efficiently backup and restore Odoo.

After almost two weeks of intensive research and hands-on experimentation, I've put together this guide to share the insights and practical knowledge gained. Here's everything you need to know about backing up and restoring Odoo using Docker.

Understanding Docker Volumes

Docker volumes are designed to persist data across container lifecycles. But if not handled correctly, volumes can lead to complications, especially when trying to move data between environments.


A Practical Guide to Backup and Restore

The following commands and scripts provide a comprehensive solution for backing up and restoring both the Odoo database and the filestore.


Commands to Create .tar Backup and Copy Them from Container to Host

Backing Up

1. Create a .tar Backup Inside the Container:

tar -cvzf odoo_backup.tar.gz -C /var/lib odoo

1. Copy the Backup from Container to Host:

docker cp :/path/to/odoo_backup.tar.gz /path/on/host

Commands to Copy Backups to Another Container and Restore/Import


1. Copy the Backup from Host to Another Container:

docker cp /path/on/host/odoo_backup.tar.gz

1. Restore the Backup Inside the Container:

tar -xvzf /path/in/container/odoo_backup.tar.gz -C /var/lib

Automate the Process Using a Script and Cron

You can create a shell script to automate the backup process and then schedule it with Cron.


# Variables





# Database Backup

docker exec $DB_CONTAINER_ID pg_dump -U odoo your_database > $HOST_PATH/odoo_db_backup.sql

# Filestore Backup

docker exec $CONTAINER_ID tar -cvzf $CONTAINER_PATH/odoo_backup.tar.gz -C /var/lib odoo

docker cp $CONTAINER_ID:$CONTAINER_PATH/odoo_backup.tar.gz $HOST_PATH

# Optional: Remove old backups, keeping last 3

find $HOST_PATH -type f -name '*.tar.gz' -mtime +3 -exec rm {} \\\\;

find $HOST_PATH -type f -name '*.sql' -mtime +3 -exec rm {} \\\\;

echo "Backup completed successfully!"

Scheduling with Cron

0 2 * * * /path/to/ >> /path/to/backup.log 2>&1


Docker provides powerful tools for running and managing containers, but understanding how to properly backup and restore data is crucial. By implementing these steps and techniques, you can create a robust and automated backup strategy for your Dockerized Odoo instance. Regular backups ensure that your system can be restored to a previous state if needed, providing security and peace of mind for your business operations.

Investing time to understand and implement this strategy can pay off in long-term stability and reliability, making Docker a viable and efficient platform for hosting Odoo or other similar applications.

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